A Photo Voltaic (PV) Solar system consists of: a solar array (panels), a solar panel combiner, a solar regulator, an inverter and a storage battery bank (if the system is not a grid tie system, a grid tie system is normally installed without backup or battery banks). The system can convert solar rays into AC power 230V/ 50Hz.
PV modules produce direct current (DC) from sunlight
Inverters convert the direct current into usable grid-suitable alternating current (AC) and monitor the system.
You benefit from inexpensive electricity, which makes you more independent.
Why do professional Solar Companies charge for Solar Systems designs?
As with any professional, they are sharing their knowledge, experience and time to provide good advice which will save you time, money and avoid making costly mistakes. It is very easy to make costly mistakes in solar designs and therefore we recommend you use a professional solar design service. In the end it will save you money and you will have a system that works for many years hassle free.
What type of battery must I use in a solar system?
Preferably a deep cycle, high cycle AGM gel battery e.g. Omnipower OPS and the Hoppecke OPzs solar series available from Sinetech. A deep cycle gel battery must be used in this application as it has a much higher cycle life than standard backup batteries and these batteries are therefore normally more expensive than standby batteries. Standard batteries can be use but have a much shorter cycle life.
Types of Solar Systems
The Pictures below are examples only of some different types of solar systems and are not solar kits. Many different variations on these examples are available and a solar system like this has to be calculated and designed.
Integrated Backup System
An inverter-charger and battery bank provide backup power when the mains fail. No solar element is involved in this particular configuration, although this can be added on at a later stage.
Standalone PV Solar System
For situations where mains power is not available, or the client wishes to become completely independent of the grid. All power is generated by the solar panels; a battery bank stores excess power for use at night or when the sun is not shining.
Grid-Tie PV Solar System
Very popular in European countries, where residents may feed excess power back into the grid; solar panels provide power during the day, and at night power is drawn from the mains. There is no battery bank or power storage facility in this configuration.
Grid-Tie PV Solar System with backup
Similar to the Grid-Tie PV Solar System but a battery bank for storage of excess power is present; client would not have to use mains if load is not excessive.
Grid-Interactive PV Solar System
This system runs on solar power with battery backup and all excess power generated by the solar panels is returned to the grid.
Hybrid Grid-Interactive PV Solar System with backup
In this configuration, power can be generated by solar panels, wind turbines, diesel generator or mains, alone or in any combination.